By Arya Chethikattil
Do you ever wonder about the seven wonderful wonders of the world? Not only are these extraordinary places and landmarks beautiful to look at, but also the history behind these magnificent places are really something. Read on to find out more.
- The Great Wall of China:
The Great Wall of China is the most extending manmade structure in the world. It was built around 2500 years ago with a few Chinese dynasties cooperating and they built it. Just think about it: the main purpose of this project of building this Wall was to protect China from invaders, and it turned out to be better than people expected—it is a wonder of the world! Around 50 million visitors come to the Great Wall to see its great lengths. Many peasants and prisoners were obligated to work all day on the great wall, and many of them died while in the process of building this, and their remnants are forever buried in the wall. Random fun fact: Rice flour made up most of the mortar used for the stones.
- The Roman Colosseum:
The Roman Colosseum, which is also the largest amphitheater in the world, can seat up to 50,000 people. We all know the name, but the original, yet unfamiliar name was the Flavian Amphitheater. Many types of violent “games” took place there including gladiatorial fights, man vs. beast games, and sometimes they would even fill up the stadium with water and have battles in the water. Random fun fact: More than million animals and thousands of people were slaughtered.
- Christ the Redeemer Statue:
At almost 40 feet in the sky, this statue is perched on the top of a mountain named Corcovado in Brazil. To get to the top, you need to climb 220 steps, unless you’re lazy like me and just take the escalator. The statue depicts Christ with open arms, and many say it is to welcome the visitors. The Christ the Redeemer Statue brought peace to the area. Random Fun Fact: this statue has lighting rods attached to it.
- Chichen Itza:
It’s located in Mexico and has been around ever since the Mayans built it. The Chichen Itza’s ruins used to flourish with temples and pyramids. It means “at the mouth of the well of the Itza”. The most famous place in Chichen Itza to go is the pyramid, El Castillo. This city was essential for Mayan civilization because it was the main urban center. Random Fun Fact: around 1.2 million tourists visit there every year.
- Machu Picchu:
Located in Peru, this magnificent city rests on a small hilltop more than 2,100 meters above sea. Built around 1450, the world discovered it in 1911 by a man named Bingham. It is known as the “lost city of the Incas”, but many people say Bingham was looking for another city so others say that it’s not really the “lost city”. Random Fun Fact: They cut the stones so precisely that there was no need for mortar.
Petra translated into Greek means “rock”. The Walls of the Petra are covered with carvings. Petra is the capital of Nabataens. Sadly, the Dead Sea is blowing salt onto the structures, and it’s slowly crumbling. A destructive earthquake in 343 AD also destroyed parts of Petra. Random Fun Fact: An Indiana Jones movie used Petra as some of the set.
- Taj Mahal:
The Taj Mahal is located in India, and translates to “crown palace”. It took more than 22,000 people and 17 years to finally finish is. The Taj Mahal actually has an entire love story behind it. The emperor, Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in honor of his most beloved wife, Arjumand Bano Begum. Her dying wish to him was “to build a tomb in her memory such as the world had never seen before”. The sad part, though, is that the awful air pollution is slowly turning the pearl, white marble yellow. Random Fun Fact: About 1,000 elephants were used to transport materials to and fro.